The live show is lived by thousands of companies, associations, theatres, intermittents and employees who work at rehearsals in representation to offer a diversified cultural offer throughout France. Thanks to all these professions of the live show (managers, artists, cameramen, editors, programmers...) the halls and other cultural places of the territory attracts every year millions of spectators who come to dream, think, laugh, cry, share...
In 2017, for example, all private theatres attracted more than 6.4 million people in their stands, including more than 4 million in shows in Paris.
Definition and overview performing arts
The disciplines considered as performing arts are many. A range of possibilities that allows the community to always propose new things and to be one of the most popular cultural branches by French citizens.
What are the living arts?
According to Article L.7122-1 of the Labour Code, the definition of the living spectacle is as follows “performing artists who, for the purpose of public representation of a work of the mind, ensure the physical presence of at least one performing artist receiving remuneration”. However, we exclude sports shows, bullfights, recorded shows, games, model parades, guided tours or theatrical meals.
Despite this regulation, it remains sometimes complicated for some performing professions to be recognized as “live performanceIn order to make sense of this, the Ministry of Culture explanatory sheet with examples of situations and activities.
It is therefore possible to include performing arts :
- Theatre (classical, contemporary, humorous)
- The dance
- The arts and street entertainment
- The circus arts
- The arts of puppetry
- The opera
- Live music
All these areas are managed and supervised by the Ministry of Culture, its General Directorate of Artistic Creation and its visual arts delegations , to the dance , to the music and to the theatre and associated arts.
Figures of the performing arts in the French territory
Live entertainment has a prominent place in the field of culture in France. According to a study of the Ministry of Culture Dating from 2019, it accounts for 15% of the weight of the cultural economy, more than publishing (link landing page edition). That’s €7.6 billion out of the €49.3 billion reported by the cultural sector in 2019.
The middle of the live performance is a complex field with few very large players but who dominate the market. Indeed, 6% of performances represent 49% of admissions while 60% of these shows take place in small venues with less than 200 seats.
In 2017, according to a CPNEFSV Study, there were over 20,000 businesses with the live performance as the main activity. These are often small enterprises (less than five employees at 42%) with 66% of employees intermittent show.
In order to obtain detailed figures on the attendance of theatres and the types of shows offered, the ministry of culture created SIBIL (BILletterie Information System) in July 2018.
A device on which the entrepreneurs of the show inform their entries, which will allow to establish reliable statistical data from year to year.
Spaces dedicated to the viv showliving in France
Indoors or outdoors, in permanent or ephemeral places, public or private, the live performance all the time. Throughout the year, proposals for comedy, circus, opera, dance and music shows can take place in theatres as well as in drama centres or on festival stages.
Places of worshippublic and private for the show and its professions
The theatre is the place of choice for performing artists with the street and capitals. There are five national theatres under the supervision of the Ministry of Culture and its General Directorate of Artistic Creation:
- La Comédie-Française
- The National Theatre of the Odeon-Theatre of Europe
- The National Theatre of Strasbourg
- National Theatre of the Hill
- Chaillot National Theatre
In the public and private sector, there are also: 38 National Drama Centres (NDCs), 19 National Choreographic Centres , 13 National Street Arts Centres and 12 national circus arts centres, 8 national music creation centres, 74 national scenes, 89 current music scenes , 150 city theatres, 15 regional operas , 28 national or regional orchestras , 17 zenith, 150 cabarets and music halls.
Of festivals and National events that energize the sector year-round.
While many shows are delivered in permanent and dedicated spaces, a significant part of the living arts flourish during festivals or annual events, some of which are organized by the Ministry of Culture. This is the case of the Poets' Spring.
On average each year, the artists of live performance perform in nearly 1500 music festivals and 300 festivals of puppetry, street art, theatre or circus.