Valuing artisanal diversity
Professions governed by the law
The ministry is involved in the administrative supervision of crafts. They are neither a sector nor a single stream. They are present in many sectors and economic sectors: luxury and fashion, architecture and interior decoration, heritage, performing arts, etc.
Since 2003, French crafts are listed on a official list. It now lists 281 specialties. Since 2014, they are defined by the law. France is the first country to provide professionals in the craft sector with a legal framework.
In 2016, the Freedom of Creation Architecture and Heritage Act confirmed the recognition of the diversity of art professions by the creation of a dedicated section in the trades directory. The ministry thus protects the diversity of professional status shared between craftsmen (70%), employees (15% of them among 50,000 companies), artists-authors (10%) and liberal professions (5%). Crafts have become considerably feminized: half of the managers of micro-enterprises in crafts are women.
The ministry also participates in the establishment of the crafts tax credit (CIMA).
Financing for craft professionals
The Ministry of Culture contributes financially to the support fund proposed by the Film and Cultural Industries Financing Institute (IFCIC) to facilitate access to bank financing through two financing solutions: bank guarantee and loan.
The Futures Investment Program and the France 2030
These investment plans are now open to the Cultural and Creative Industries, of which design is part. The Forward Investment Program (AIP), led by the General Secretariat for Investment (SGPI), was set up by the State to finance innovative and promising investments in the territory, in order to enable France to increase its potential for growth and jobs. Four operators are implementing these measures: Bpifrance, the National Research Agency, ADEME and the Caisse des dépôts-Banque des territoires.
Cultural actions to promote jobs
The Ministry of Culture supports cultural the National Institute of Crafts (INMA) through the management of the «Maître d'art-Elèves» transmission system or the «À la découverte des métiers d'art» artistic and cultural education system for secondary school students.