Discover the life and work of Marie Victoire Jaquotot

Marie Victoire Jaquotot (Paris, 1772 - Toulouse, 1855)

Marie-Victoire Jaquotot, Portrait of Marie-Victoire Jaquotot, 1st quarter 19th century, Sèvres, Cité de la céramique

Marie Victoire Jaquotot is the pupil and then wife of Etienne-Charles Leguay (1762-1846), who, after directing the production of the Dihl factory in Paris during the French Revolution, will be considered the best figure painter of the Sèvres factory at the beginning of the 19th century.
Herself was a painter at Sèvres between 1801 and 1842. She exhibited her porcelain paintings at the Salon between 1808 and 1836. His talent in mastering ceramic colors, Combining the brilliance of the shades and the velvety of the carnations, she became a key figure in Alexandre Brongniart’s policy of making copies painted on the large plates, which the Manufacture then realized thanks to a new process. It stands out particularly in its copies after Raphael.
In 1816, her talent was rewarded with the title of «first painter on porcelain of the king», which allowed her to open a private workshop in which she taught for nearly twenty years porcelain painting to thirty students, including women, among whom we find Marie-Adélaïde Ducluzeau (1787-1849) who was also a painter at Sèvres.

Marie-Victoire Jaquotot (inspired by Claude Lefebvre), Portrait of Hortense Mancini, 1st quarter 19th century, Paris, Louvre Museum

In 1829, Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart (1739-1813), administrator of the Manufacture, praised his talent in a report addressed to the viscount of La Rochefoucault: Jaquotot, by her studies, by her way of feeling the painting and especially that of the great masters, by her assiduous and obstinate work, by her talents of execution which accompanied and followed her natural dispositions, produced porcelain copies of such perfection that we had nothing to compare in what had been done before her [...]. But if the art of painting on porcelain has made immense progress, if it has formed some ladies of a distinguished talent, so MM. Robert, Constantin, Béranger, etc. produced paintings remarkable for their kind of perfection, it was to the boom that Mme Jaquotot gave to porcelain painting, to almost inimitable models that she put before the eyes of the public and artists, to her truth for her-even, that we can attribute the efforts that the artists I have just named and many others have made to produce, each in their own genre, paintings worthy of being compared with those of Ms. Jaquotot.”

Marie-Victoire Jaquotot, Twenty-four miniatures for the chest of the king’s snuffbox, 1st quarter 19th century, Paris, Louvre Museum

When that same year 1829, in The Journal des Artistes (12 April 1829), Alexandre Lenoir (1761-1839) publishes an article entitled «Du talent des femmes dans l'art de peindre» he mentions twice the name of Marie-Victoire Jaquotot.
Marie Victoire Jaquotot obtained from Brongniart the privilege of painting at home, and led a brilliant lifestyle, receiving in her studio the most prominent celebrities of her time, such as Dominique-Vivant Denon (1747-1825), Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) or Madame Récamier (1777-1849).
The Louvre Museum preserves the exceptional box of the snuffbox of Louis XVIII, the most prestigious work from the Sèvres workshops under the Restoration. Intended to contain the king’s snuffbox, it also houses twenty-four porcelain miniatures that can be embedded on the lid. The miniatures were completed during the reign of Charles X (1757-1836), bringing the total number of miniatures to forty-eight.

Virginie Desrante

Selection of works by Marie Victoire Jaquotot on the Joconde Pop base
Selection of works by Marie Victoire Jaquotot on thephoto agency of the Reunion of National Museums

Bibliography
Anne Lajoix, Marie Victoire Jaquotot (1772-1855), porcelain painter, Paris, Le Trait d'Union - Florence Hatier, 2006