Education, training and trades
Interactive map of artistic creation higher education institutions
Discover the 91 establishments of the performing arts.
Higher education institutions train pupils with an established vocation who have received initial education in music, dance and drama schools, but also in circus schools, street and puppetry arts and performing arts. These establishments provide training in the performing arts, particularly as interpreters and teachers.
The initial teaching of music, dance and drama - the primary objective of which is to train amateurs - has developed considerably over the past thirty years. France has more than 1,000 public arts schools, more than 25,000 teachers and 280,000 students in all classes. The Charter of Specialized Arts Education for the Initial Teaching of Music, Dance and Drama, setting out the guidelines for this teaching:
> Diversification of disciplines within conservatories (dances, theatre, amplified contemporary music, ...).
> Development of partnership with national education to promote access to arts and cultural education for more students;
> Strengthening links between educational institutions and local amateur practice.
Article 101 of the Law of 13 August 2004 on local freedoms and responsibilities and its implementing texts completed this building:
- specifying the respective role of the State and the local authorities responsible for initial education: in the municipalities initial education and arts education, to the departments the balanced planning of the territory by the realization of development schemes of the teaching of the arts, to the regions the organization and the financing of the cycle of initial vocational education and the national diploma which concludes it. The State, for its part, defines the qualifications of teachers and the standards of the classification of schools and ensures their pedagogical functioning.
- defining the missions of public education institutions for music, dance and drama, taking into account, in addition to the traditional missions of initial teaching of music, dance and drama organized or not in curriculum - the development of links with the National Education in arts and cultural education and with amateur practice and the realization of a project of establishment and the registration of the conservatory in a network of institutions, ...
Conservatories (CRR, CRD, CRC/CRI)
The classification of arts education establishments specialising in conservatories with communal, intercommunal, departmental or regional radiation aims to strengthen the national network of public education in music, dance and drama. It attests to a qualitative and professional foundation that is identical everywhere and for everyone, enabling a wide variety of profiles to be fostered by both amateurs and students integrating the higher education of artistic creation.
The law also provides that public educational institutions in music, dance and drama may offer an initial vocational education cycle (CEPI). This cycle is primarily aimed at specially motivated students with recognised artistic potential. It is being implemented in favour of pooling resources and operating as a network of institutions.
These various texts are complemented by the national educational guidelines for music, dance and drama, whose purpose is to provide educational institutions with common educational benchmarks that can adapt to their history and particular contexts.
Conditions of access to higher education and diplomas
The conditions of access and the courses vary considerably according to the schools and the specialties. If university diplomas are rarely required, it is necessary, in order to have access to training, to pass an entrance examination in which the practical tests are predominant. Studies are usually followed by an examination leading to the award of a diploma at the end of the course. Students intending to teach must first obtain a certificate of aptitude for the duties of music teacher or dance teacher or drama teacher or a state diploma of music teacher or dance teacher or of theatre teaching, which gives them access to competitions for teachers from the territorial cultural sector.
Interactive map of state-approved establishments for the preparation for entry into higher artistic institutions
Public higher education institutions (see also: interactive map at top)
The higher education of the living performance is carried by 33 institutions offering diplomas in the fields of music, dance, theatre, puppetry and circus arts. They welcome nearly 3,500 graduate students.
You will find in the attached document a description of the related training provision for the national diplomas of the Ministry of Culture, as well as the diplomas of institutions conferring a university degree.
Curriculum : All of these institutions prepare for at least one national undergraduate diploma (Diplôme National Supérieur Professionnel de Musicien, and/or Diplôme d'Etat de professeur de Musique, three-year initial training courses. National institutions also prepare for the Certificate of Suitability for the functions of music teacher, and for degrees conferring Master’s degree.
>> Conservatoire national supérieur de musique et de danse de Paris
209 avenue Jean Jaurès - 75019 Paris
>> Conservatoire national supérieur de musique et de danse de Lyon
3, quai Chauveau - 69266 Lyon cedex 09
Admission requirements Depending on the specialties, recruitment is carried out on a competitive basis for candidates aged 16 to 30. Derogations are provided for younger and particularly brilliant students.
Other higher education institutions
>> Pôle d'enseignement supérieur Paris Boulogne-Billancourt (PSPBB)
14, rue de Madrid 75008 Paris
>> Pôle d'enseignement supérieur de la musique Seine-Saint-Denis Île-de-France “Pôle Sup’93”
41 avenue Gabriel Péri 93120 La Courneuve
Tel: Education: 01.43.11.25.05 – Curriculum DNSPM: 01.43.11.25.00 – Music Curriculum: 01.43.11.25.06
>> Pôle d'enseignement supérieur spectacle vivant Bretagne/Pays de la Loire «Le Pont Supérieur»
74E, rue de Paris 35000 Rennes
>> École supérieure musique et danse Hauts-de-France - Lille (ESMD)
Rue Alphonse Colas 59000 Lille
>> Aliénor Centre - Centre d'études supérieures de musique et de danse de Nouvelle-Aquitaine
10, rue de la Tête Noire 86000 Poitiers
>> Upper ESchool of Rhine Arts (HEAR) – Higher Academy of Music
1 Place Dauphine 67000 Strasbourg
Tel. 03 88 43 67 96
>> Institut supérieur d'Arts de Toulouse (ISDAT) (Department of Performing Arts)
37, rue de Metz 31000 Toulouse
>> Pôle d'enseignement supérieur de la musique et de la danse (PESMD) Bordeaux-Aquitaine
19, rue Monthyon 33800 Bordeaux – 05.69.91.36.84
>> École Supérieure de Musique Bourgogne-Franche-Comté (ESM Bourgogne-Franche-Comté)
36 rue Chabot Charny 21000 Dijon
> CEFEDEM Normandy
ESPE de Rouen
2 rue du Tonquet
02 35 14 70 90
>> CEFEDEM Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
14, rue Palais Grillet 69002 Lyon
>> IESM - Institut d'Enseignement Supérieur de la Musique Europe et Méditerranée
380, avenue Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 13100 Aix-en-Provence
Technical training and live entertainment
> European Technological Institute for Music Professions (ITEMM)
71 avenue Olivier Messiaen - 72000 Le Mans
Tel. 02 43 39 39 00
Training in instrumental invoice, new techniques and commercial action. He prepares at the CAP of technical assistant in musical instruments, piano options, wind instrument, guitar and accordion, and at the CAP of piano tuner; he trains in techniques of sound and computer; it prepares for professional baccalaureates and BTS in commercial action.
> National training centre for apprentice organ builders
21, rue des Fusilliers marins - BP 26 - 67114 Eschau
Tel. 03 88 59 00 81
Alternance training for apprentices of organ builders preparing for three diplomas awarded by the Ministry of Education. Two CAP: organ builder and organ pipefitter and a diploma in crafts, instrumental design, organ option.
> National School of Violin Making
5 avenue Graillet - 88500 Mirecourt
Tel. 03 29 37 06 33
Prepares, at the Lycée Jean-Baptiste Vuillaume after the third, for the diploma of instrument-making technician in violin-making and the diploma of instrument-making crafts.
> Centre de formation professionnelle aux techniques du spectacle (CFPTS)
92 avenue Galliéni - 92170 Bagnolet
Tel. 01 48 97 25 16
Continuing training in the various performing arts (stage managers, decorators, etc.). The CFPTS and the ISTS award professional degrees.
> Higher Institute for Performing Arts (ISTS)
rue Portail-Bocquier - 84000 Avignon
Tel. 04 90 14 14 17 - Fax: 04 90 14 14 16
Provides training for managers and technical directors.
Financial aid to students
The Ministry of Culture allocates financial support to students of Higher Education Culture. Find here all the information about scholarships, FNAUAC, mobility...
School-based teachers and musicians play an important role in transmitting, teaching the arts and raising the awareness of as many people as possible. In order to guarantee the quality of the public service of arts education, the Ministry of Culture and Communication (Directorate-General for Artistic Creation) supports and organises their training through the 11 centres or departments for training dance and music teachers (CEFEDEM) and of nine training centres for musicians-speakers (CFMI). Dance and music teacher training centres shall provide training leading to the delivery of the State diploma in music and dance at the end of a three-year course. The training centres for the musicians involved provide training leading to the delivery of the university diploma in musician intervening. These institutions also play an important role in the ongoing training of teachers and practitioners.
The certificate of qualification as a music teacher and dance teacher as well as the State diploma of music teacher, dance teacher or the dstate academy of theatre education may also be obtained after a test examination organised by the Ministry of Culture and Communication (Directorate-General for Artistic Creation) and the Regional Directorates for Cultural Affairs.
These diplomas are used to compete for employment in the territorial public service. Higher National Music and Dance Conservatories of Paris and Lyon offer diploma training leading to the award of a certificate of qualification as a music teacher and dance teacher.
Ministry of Culture
Directorate-General for Artistic Creation (DGCA)
62, rue Beaubourg - 75003 Paris
City of Music - Media Library
221 avenue Jean Jaurès 75019 Paris Tel. 01 44 84 45 00 mediatheque.cite-musique.fr
This music information centre offers a very rich database on all the music professions and the training that leads to them. There is also a directory of music schools in Paris and information on competitions and internships.
National Music Centre (NJC)
9 boulevard des Batignolles - 75008 Paris Tel. 01 56 69 11 30 cnm.fr/
The National Music Centre (NJC) is a public institution of industrial and commercial character under the tutelage of the Ministry of Culture, created on January 1, 2020. It took over from the Centre national de la chanson, des variétés et du jazz (CNV) with expanded missions and resources and merged on November 1, 2020, with four associations that were active in supporting the music sector: the Bureau Export, the Club action des labels et des disquaires indépendants français (CALIF), the Centre d'information et de ressources pour les musiques actuelles (IRMA) and the Fonds pour la création musicale (FCM).