What is the direct economic weight of culture in 2020?

CC-2022-1_Poids économique direct de la culture 2020_couv.jpg

In 2020, the direct economic weight of culture, that is, the added value of all cultural branches, is 46.1 billion euros, or 2.2% of the gross domestic product (GDP) of the economy as a whole. During 2020, culture is particularly affected by the health crisis. Cultural GDP fell by 7.1% in value terms, a decline that is more marked than that of the French economy as a whole (-5.3%). But this decline in value is offset by the importance of the non-market sector and the conventions for estimating the value added produced by this sector. Measured in volume terms, the activity of cultural branches contracted sharply, with cultural value added decreasing by 15% in volume terms, a decrease of 7 percentage points more than that of the French economy as a whole (-8%).

In 2020, the audiovisual sector remains in the lead in terms of economic weight, followed by live entertainment and books and newspapers. In 2019, 720,700 people work in the cultural sectors (2.7% of the labour force).

The audiovisual sector is the main employer (16%), closely followed by live entertainment (15%) and visual arts (15%). Among cultural professionals, 31% are self-employed, compared to 12% of the employed in the economy as a whole.

Nicolas Pietrzyk

Collection Culture chiffres, 26 p., May 2022

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The direct economic weight of culture in 2020 [CC-2022-1]

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