Research in higher education Culture
The development of research in Culture Graduate Schools is part of the integration of training and diplomas in the Licence-Master-Doctorate (LMD) scheme. In addition to the doctorate in architecture, doctorates are being established in the fields of heritage and creation. In some schools there are joint research units and research programmes involving the Ministry of Culture and the CNRS. The participation of many Culture colleges in the Communities of Universities and Institutions (ComUE) promotes the strengthening and enhancement of these research activities.