Architectural and landscape training courses
. Study at national architecture and landscape colleges;
Architecture education is organised in 22 higher education institutions:
- 20 national architecture colleges (ENSA), public administrative institutions under the supervision of the Ministry of Culture, issue the State diploma of architect. Two of them, in Bordeaux and to Lille, also provide a Landscape State Diploma Training.
- two other schools award diplomas recognised by the Ministry of Culture as equivalent to national diplomas:Strasbourg National Institute of Applied Sciences (INSA) under the supervision of the Ministry of Higher Education, and theSpecial School of Architecture (ESA) of Paris, founded in 1865, a private law association.
- The Chaillot School, training department of the Cité de l'architecture et du patrimoine, a public institution under the authority of the Ministry of Culture, prepares mainly for the diploma of specialization in architecture (DSA) mention "architecture et patrimoine".
A multidisciplinary training course.
The training of architects combines lessons specific to the architectural discipline (the architectural and urban project, the history and theory of architecture and the city, the representation of space) enriched and articulated with knowledge from other disciplines (arts, sociology, history, science and technology, urban planning, landscape, computer science, modern languages).
The Ministry of Culture exercises pedagogical and scientific supervision over all these courses and ensures the unity of the contents of these courses.
. Conditions of admission;
Any student holding the French baccalaureate or equivalent, whatever the course, is free to apply for the first year of the school of architecture of his choice. Registration is done online via the Parcoursup platform (www.parcoursup.fr)
The procedures for admission to architecture studies take place in two phases:
- the review of the file (posted on Parcoursup) from secondary school results
- a mandatory interview with a jury for all eligible applicants, to assess their motivation.
. Equal opportunities;
Initiated in 2009, as part of the actions carried out in favour of equal opportunities in access to higher education Culture, an agreement was signed to facilitate access to ENSA for high school students from schools where social and educational difficulties are concentrated.
The signatories are the Culture & Diversity Foundation, the Ministry of Culture, the Ministry of National Education and the ENSA Paris-Malaquais, Paris East, Paris-Val-de-Seine, Versailles, Paris-La Villette, Bordeaux, Brittany, Clermont-Ferrand, Grenoble, Lille, Marseille, Montpellier, Nantes, Normandy, Saint-Etienne, Strasbourg and Toulouse. This programme aims to inform high school students about architecture studies and their career opportunities, to prepare them for the orientation and registration procedures in the ENSA and to accompany them during their course.
. Some figures
All national architecture colleges host about 19,800 students, 40% of whom attend the six institutions in the Ile-de-France region. More than 2,600 new students enrol each year in the first year, of which more than half have an S-series baccalaureate degree. In 2016, of the 2,350 state architect graduates, about 20% of students enrolled in the postmaster specialization courses and more than 80% have followed the cycle leading to the authorisation to exercise project management in one’s own name (HMONP). The rate of feminization of architectural studies is constantly increasing (58% of students). International students account for 12% of the total student population. Finally, nearly 400 doctoral students are welcomed in the research units of the schools of architecture.
The teaching staff is largely made up of practitioners. They represent 70% of the teachers of the architectural project. The 20 NSAs have approximately 1,000 tenured or associate teachers – 10% of whom are professors and 70% lecturers – but also contract teachers. A growing number of teachers are also engaged in research activities.