If the investigations on architecture of the second twentieth century are now about ten years old, this heritage remains largely less recognized by the edility and the public, hence the interest of the censuses and monographs proposed here. Logically, after the census phase, which delimited the corpus of ensembles and residencies in Marseilles in its extension, the aim was to reduce their contours in order to develop a greater understanding, formalized by the monograph sheets. By definition, they reflect only one object of the corpus, but all the monographs thus constitute a collection covering a series of similar objects allowing the construction of typologies, classifications and comparisons.
1.1315 - La Rose Le Clos
La Rose, 13th arrondissement
Literature references: 20th century heritage, domestic architecture
X Edition directory number: 1315, p 33. 2005
Conception & writing T. Durousseau arch. 2007
designation: La Rose Le Clos
109 avenue de La Rose, quartier de La Rose 13013
Lambert 3: latitude 3.09300; longitude 43.3314
Access: metro line 1: La Timone - La Rose
Owner: OPAC Sud, 80 rue Albe, Marseille 13004, 04 91 12 71 00
program: Housing group of 734 units under ECOMO.
Contracting authority: Office Public d'HLM départemental des Bouches-du-Rhône.
12 buildings: bars, school group.
dates, authors: Preliminary project 1958; Completion 1963
Joseph Lajarrige, Louis Poutu, architects.
Company Caillol, Cauvet process, Bet SECMO.
cf. notice: 1351 - Saint-Just Bellevue
sources: AD: 2071 W 14 (43.964), 165 W 392-393, 952, 12 O 2218, 2375, 7 FTE 286-292
The transaction is a renewal of Saint-Just Bellevue involving the same authors, companies and processes. Located at the crossroads of the roads of La Rose and La Grave, and outside the urbanisation perimeter of the Master Plan of Urbanism of 1949, the project is modified because of its foundations: the rationalized mass plan and standardized buildings: bar of 10 floors, bars of 4 floors. The composition of squared bars determines gaps or meshes dedicated either to residential functions (green spaces, children’s play, parking) or to equipment (school, commercial area). This normalization does not benefit the architecture which accuses a monotonous formal egalitarianism. We are far from the aesthetic liner of the first buildings of the authors for the La Verdière project. The writing of the joints of rather narrow panels is far from the French prefabrication. Camus, Coignet or Tracoba processes with wider panels limit the joints, and thus the weak points of heavy prefabrication. For Le Clos, the rehabilitation of 1976 comes from infiltration problems. It should be noted that these buildings, painted from the beginning, are restored to colour by Philippe Lenclos during the rehabilitation.
© Thierry Durousseau, 2004-2005