If the investigations on architecture of the second twentieth century are now about ten years old, this heritage remains largely less recognized by the edility and the public, hence the interest of the censuses and monographs proposed here. Logically, after the census phase, which delimited the corpus of ensembles and residencies in Marseilles in its extension, the aim was to reduce their contours in order to develop a greater understanding, formalized by the monograph sheets. By definition, they reflect only one object of the corpus, but all the monographs thus constitute a collection covering a series of similar objects allowing the construction of typologies, classifications and comparisons.
12.0838 - Collet de Montredon
Bonneveine, in close contact with the sea
Literature references: 20th century heritage, domestic architecture
X Edition directory no. 0838, p16. 2005
Conception & writing T. Durousseau arch. 2007
designation: Le Collet de Montredon
48 boulevard du Collet, quartier Bonneveine 13008
Lambert 3: lat.3. 09029; long. 43.2919
Access: bus no. 44: métro rond-point du Prado - Floralia Rimet, bus no. 47: métro Sainte-Marguerite - Vieille Chapelle
Owner: Syndicate of Co-owners
program: Housing group of 60 units and offices.
Contracting authority: Société Civile Immobilière "Les Résidences du Collet".
Set of 5 buildings.
dates, authors: Preliminary Declaration: 1966. Building Permit: 1972. Conformity: 1973.
Robert Nougué, architect
Design office, SOFRAL.
site: On the site of the former castle of Collet-Redon on the heights of Bonneveine, the land is bordered by five lanes, but only the boulevard du Collet and the rise of the castle allow access. Overhanging land with steep slope and visible from the coast. Altitude between 24.00 and 57.80 m. Initial land of 2.4 ha. Residential area in discontinuous order D on the Master Planning Plan of 1949.
mass plane: Symmetrical mass plan pointing southwest marked by the building located at the highest point of the site. Each building follows a square plan aligned in the same orientation. The heights are set parallel to the slope. Spreading of R+3.
frame: Five low-height concrete studs, whose façades are composed of full/hollow games made by alternating the location of Collet-Montredon, on the heights of Bonneveine.
sources: AD: 2071 W 32 (82.727)
Prado Magazine no. 8, 1973
The development of the Collet-Montredon group is located on the land of an old castle, a sort of great bastide, remained in the state until the 1960s, where it is sold to the Civil Society Real Estate of the "Collet Residences" which is about to receive a housing operation on the heights of Bonneveine.
The desire to integrate the 60-unit program into an overhanging and very rugged natural site becomes a founding issue of the project, as well as its visibility from the shore. Contemporary project of the development of Prado Plage by René Egger, the Residence of Collet-Montredon also plays on the new coastal identity of Marseille. The architect Robert Nougué is also asked, in this regard, to extend his mass plan beyond the grounds of the castle, and to describe a development project of the whole neighborhood, extending its constructions to an area between the boulevard des Neiges, Boulevard P. Hughes, Boulevard E. Jean, Boulevard L. Bascagno and Boulevard du Collet. However, this proposal did not result in a more in-depth examination and the surroundings of the site experienced an urbanization independent of the plan of the residence.
Planned as co-ownership, the proposed housing in accession of Collet-Montredon were added, in the last phase of drawing, some 250 m2 of offices intended to receive the premises of the agency of Robert Nougué himself.
The plan of mass reveals five buildings of square plan following the same orientation and distributed symmetrically according to a bisector dividing the land, passing through a very important disbursement located in the northeast. Around this fault, the five buildings form an arrow pointing southwest. At the tip is the building at the highest point while the others are distributed according to a generator that defines the height of the other buildings, parallel to the slope of the land.
Each building has the same number of floors and is drawn from the same floor plans. This is an identical reproduction of each three-storey plot. Each building has a sufficient level of complexity to lessen the effect of repetition. The mass plan of the neighbourhood also reproduced the model developed here.
Only floor plans on floors undergo a variation that creates the animation on the façade. The composition of the levels for each apartment starts a rotation of 90 degrees around the vertical circulations united in the heart of the building. This distribution in propeller is reproduced by symmetry at the top level which induces a shift of the situation of loggias in the plane and produces a full-vacuum play in elevation.
This systematic search for the gap was encouraged in the initial project, to the point of creating a separation of the buildings into two joined buildings linked by half-levels and requiring doubling of the stairwells. The main entrance, for each building, is constituted by the recess of an angle of the volume of the building. From this vacuum, the projection of the hall joins directly the column of vertical circulations, elevator and stairs. The ground floor is dedicated to common technical premises for the whole building and sometimes the housing; while some are semi-buried, others have one day on all the facades. It is in one of these last premises that the architect Nougué established his office.
The whole is governed by a light construction system in concrete floors on a structure of columns separated by 2,90 m, which offers the freedom of development from one level to another while the combination of common areas of circulation and technical ducts allows to obtain a concentration that is found in the apartments in the management of evacuation constraints.
The plots distribute apartments of 2 to 5 rooms whose composition around the central core hardly varies: around the loggias are invariably distributed at the corner the living room, a bedroom, while bathrooms and toilets border the central volume of circulation, the kitchens are attached to the adjoining walls and the other bedrooms are on the façade
graduate of the School of Architecture of Bordeaux, has for companions of studies Courtois, Lajus and Sadira.
Her professional life in Marseilles began as head of agency at Olmeta at the time of the construction of the Roy d'Espagne.
In Marseilles, in addition to the Collet-Montredon operation, he was responsible for the Villas Palace around the Alpilles group in the 8th arrondissement, the Église Saint-François-Xavier, on the way to Mazargues and a building with glass balconies, avenue des Roches in the 7th arrondissement.
© Thierry Durousseau, 2004-2005