Regional conservation of the historical monuments of the Pays de la Loire
The Historical Monuments Service, now known as the Regional Conservation of Historical Monuments, is one of the oldest state services in the region (1832). It carries out its missions within the DRAC taking into account a rich regulation but also ministerial policies, territorial issues and technical and scientific constraints related to classified and inscribed objects and monuments.
Today, the CRMH is entrusted with several missions based on three main objectives: protection, scientific and technical control and conservation of historical monuments (monuments and furniture) at the regional level.
Protection hasTitle of historical monuments
The CRMH identifies historical monuments and instructs the procedures for the inscription and classification of monumental heritage and movable objects in order to preserve the objects as well as the built and landscaped complexes spread over the entire territory.
The inscription recognises a regional interest while the classification sanctions strong heritage value, a form of rarity and a proven public interest. In 2018, 2,124 buildings including 530 classified were protected as historical monuments in the Pays de la Loire as well as 16,200 objects including 7,700 classified.
One of the peculiarities of our region is the special place held by the technical heritage (railway, aeronautical, naval). In 2012, a campaign to protect lighthouses at sea and on land enabled the protection of 12 such monuments.
Saw controlSpecific and technical
This mission of the MHRC is in constant development. It consists in issuing work authorizations on listed historical monuments and building permits for those listed on the one hand; and in verifying and validating the conduct of the work on the other. It assigns a consulting role to the MHRC with the owners in the development of work programs (choosing an architect, conducting a preliminary study, etc.).
This mission is exercised in a collegial manner, in the regions, with the Departmental Units of Architecture and Heritage (UDAP) and the Curators of Antiquities and Works of Art (CAOA).
The conservation and restoration
Conservation ensures the preservation of the monumental and movable heritage by helping to maintain and finance restoration work. It provides expertise and, under certain conditions, financial assistance for this work.
It is in charge of the project management and the development of monuments that belong to the State and are assigned to the Ministry of Culture (Cathedrals, Tower of Oudon, Abbey of Fontevraud...).
This operation is a joint intervention between different actors (owners, architects of French buildings, project owners, project owners, etc.). The expertise of CRMH curators and architects of French buildings in areas such as history, architecture, art history […] allows them to coordinate a restoration action in line with both the specific technical needs and the conservation of the value of the monument’s historical testimony.
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