Ladies and gentlemen,

Dear friends,

I am particularly pleased to welcome you today to present the Ministry of Culture’s draft budget for 2022.

I will not make you wait: in 2022, the budget of the Ministry of Culture will know a unprecedented increase. With €273 million in new measures, an increase of 7.5% compared to 2021, this budget will, for the first time in the history of the Ministry, rise to €4 billion (€4.083 billion precisely).

This budget gives substance to the commitment made by the President of the Republic at the beginning of his five-year to restore Culture to its rightful place in our society. The increase expected in 2022 completes an ongoing effort since 2017 in favor of Culture. The progress is considerable: €507 million, or +15% This effort – it must be said – has greatly increased in 2021 and 2022, as it is with the crisis, which has certainly weakened our cultural model far beyond what we can see today, we had to rethink our thinking, put away our old reflexes. In this context, we need a strong cultural policy, which may be based on powerful means.

This is the ambition of this draft budget for 2022 which allows us, at the same time, to emerge from the crisis, support the recovery of all cultural sectors, of sustainably rearm cultural policies and of to ensure, in the long term, our ability to reinvent our cultural model.

This crisis, the Culture lived it with full force. Economically of course, because the succession of periods of closures and openings over the last eighteen months has caused an unprecedented fall in the number of visitors to cultural places.

But the shock is also moral, for this crisis has prevented what makes up the very essence of culture, of creation and of heritage: the meeting between the public and the creators, the artists, the works.

Faced with an unprecedented health crisis, which has not ceased to take different forms, theThe State has been able to mobilize to support all professionals of the Culture, in all sectors. The State also knew adapt constantly the evolution of the situation.

If this has been possible, it is primarily because of the agents of the Ministry of Culture, to whom I wish to render today homage Central government as well as decentralised services, services with national competence and public institutions. Everyone immediately got to work, sometimes under difficult conditions. In liaison with the professionals, they have devised and deployed, beyond the transversal support mechanisms, aids and measures specific to culture, in order to support each sector on a daily basis. They also worked hard on this “resilient model”, which I had hoped would help define the conditions and modalities for the reopening last May.

I also want to salute and thank all the professionals of the Culture who have worked tirelessly to keep the connection with the public, open or reopen as soon as possible, define and implement, with us, demanding and effective health protocols, and since this summer, to deploy the sanitary pass which allows to welcome the public in optimal conditions of health security. This deployment was crucial because, let it be said, the sanitary pass allowed us not to close cultural places during the month of August, when we were experiencing a dramatic rebound of the epidemic.

In total, since the beginning of the crisis, the State has mobilized €13.6 billion to support culture. The response was quick, strong and continuous. We can say that we saved Culture. No other country has devoted so much to culture. That’s also the case the French cultural exception.

Today, as the crisis seems to be moving away – but let’s remain very cautious – we must meet two objectives :

  • First, accompany the exit from the crisis. Because reopening remains fragile: attendance in most sectors is much lower than in 2019. The impact of the crisis will be durable, we can already anticipate it. This is particularly related to economic models of certain sectors, for which the revenues of the year depend on the activity of the previous year – I am thinking in particular of the authors – or whose revenues depend heavily on international tourism – as is the case for our major operators of heritage and creation.
  • Then, preparing for the future by addressing the challenges before us. Not only has the crisis exacerbated pre-existing fragilities and slowed down planned investment, it has also accelerated current transfers. This reinforced the need for think our policies closer to the territories ; of meet the challenges of the digital and ecological transition ; and from rethinking access to culture for all, with particular attention to young people.

It’s this double ambition – consolidate the present, structure the future – which guides this budget, with means up to the task : beyond the €4.08 billion sustainable budgetary resources allocated to Culture and the €3.7 billion allocated to public broadcasting, Culture will benefit both:

  • of the 2022 annuity of France relaunch, which will amount to €463 million,
  • des assigned taxes the National Film Centre, the National Music Centre and TPA,
  • and of tax expenditures whose impact will also increase in 2022.

Will finally be added a exceptional support plan for large operators which will be introduced as part of the amending finance bill for 2021, and which will amount to €234 million.

In total, in 2022, Culture will benefit from €11.24 billion, which will help sustainably rearm our cultural policies.

This budget is primarily for youth, with the deployment of two major priorities for this five-year period.

  • The Culture Pass, which will now be extended to all 18-year-old young adults and will be extended to young people from January 4 onwardsth until senior year. Pafter €200m in loans will be allocated in 2022 as part of the budget of the Ministry of Culture. It is now a whole generation that benefits from a greater openness to culture and the diversity of cultural practices. Several generations will gradually gain access to the Culture pass, starting in middle school, in fourth grade, with a component of collective projects accompanied by teachers, then in high school, with an increased capacity for individual choices.
  • Then, arts and cultural education : in five years, we will have practically doubled the appropriations devoted to the EAC, to increase them to more than 100 M€ in 2022. That’s significant. But it’s more of a a fundamental paradigm shift that this five-year period will mark : audiences, starting with the youngest, must be at the centre of cultural policies. It is a requirement both democratic and social.

At the same time, and this is also one of the strong axes of this priority for youth This budget reflects an unprecedented commitment to cultural higher education. Whether for the operation of schools, student life (and especially scholarships for the most modest), or the professional integration of young graduates: the appropriations allocated to this policy will increase by +11%, an increase of €26 millionafter a long period of stagnation and sometimes even decline. Added to this is the exceptional effort France relaunch for the acceleration of the renovation and digitalization of our schools, which amounts to €70m investment over two years and is already well under way.

When I arrived on rue de Valois, I also said that I would be the Minister of Territories and Artists : this draft 2022 budget is the witness.

In 2022, funds devolved to the Regional Cultural Affairs Directorates (DRAC) will increase by +4%, with €37 million new means, closer to the territories. In total, since 2017, the resources managed by the drac will have increased by 22%, an increase of €173 million. I made a commitment: all my policy is structured to serve the territories, and is deployed from the territories.

Thus, in the creative sector, I wanted to rethinking the state’s framework for supporting festivals : the Estates General of the festivals, already through two editions, set the terms of the debates and allowed to share many analyses and studies. The third edition, to be held at the beginning of December in Toulouse, will present the resulting actions. In 2022, the means of festivals will increase by +€10 million, accompanying the new state policy for festivals.

Beyond that, An additional €10 million will be allocated to institutions, labels and networks, as well as arts teams in the regions, renewing the significant effort already made in 2021.

In total, artistic creation credits will amount to €909 million, an increase of 5.6%. It’s near €100 million more than in 2017. I told you, this is an unprecedented progression!

The territorialisation of my action is also a strong support for the heritage. In 2022, our focus will once again be on regional historical monuments. With the support of France relaunchin 2022, they will amount to €470 million, an increase of 3.5% compared to 2021. It is within this framework that the Cathedral plan already underway, will continue to be deployed. In total, the support for wealth, excluding recovery, will have increased by 7% over the past five years.

I am also very proud that we have used innovative financing. I am thinking in particular of Heritage lotterywhich has since been used to finance the restoration of more than 500 monuments at risk, the State also providing its support to the scheme in proportion to the related taxes. In total, over 4 years, these are €115m that will have been mobilized in addition. The success of the Heritage Lotto testifies to the attention and attachment of the French: and a few days after the European Heritage Days, I can assure you that this attachment is strong!

I am also thinking of incentive and partnership fund for historical monuments located in municipalities with low resources (FIP); this fund, which helps small municipalities to restore their heritage, will be endowed with €16M in 2022, that is +6.7%.

 I also wanted this budget to make it possible to better support local initiatives. So not only will we strengthen the contractualisation with local authorities, but we will also launch a national call for projects, with €5 million, to support actions to reconcile heritage and digital cultures. The aim is to get local partners to work together on emerging projects that dialogue offer and cultural practices.

Moreover, a substantial effort of +€8 million will be granted to territorial policies of cultural democratization Support for the Cultural Meeting Centres and Third Places will be renewed, we will support the Cultural Olympiads, as well as projects to further enhance the languages of France and the French language. This is an important issue for social and territorial cohesion. This budget will finally provide decisive support for the new Medici workshops, in Clichy-Montfermeil, a project that will be included in CPER 2021-2027 and around which the State and local authorities meet.

This budget also supports cultural employment and the protection of authors.. Throughout the crisis, support for the employment intermittent has been at the forefront of our concerns. The violence of the health crisis and its consequences on the activity, especially the live show, justified a very strong measure announced by the President of the Republic: «the white year». This has allowed more time for the intermittents to rebuild their rights. Faced with the persistence of the crisis, the Government decided last May to extend the white year until December 31, 2021, with adjustments to ensure solid support for artists and technicians for 16 months starting August 31, 2021.

In parallel, and for support employment in the recovery this second half of 2021, the Ministry of Culture has set up three mechanisms to facilitate the recruitment of intermittents, within the framework of GUSO and GIP Cafés Culture, but also better structure employment through a strengthening of Fonpeps. This support for employment and activity represents a envelope total of €30 million.

This effort will be extended in 2022 by a permanent increase of €5M in favor of the FUNGUS.

In addition, faced with the magnitude of the health crisis, the Government and the Ministry of Culture mobilized all available tools to support authors, particularly affected: solidarity fund, which made it possible to €244m at about 45,000 beneficiaries Social security contributions will be exempt in 2020, with payments planned for October 2021; a new exemption scheme is also planned for 2021 income; payment will be made in 2022. To complement these measures, the specific aid have been implemented by the public institutions of the ministry closest to the affected sectors (CNC, CNM, CNL, CNAP): in total, these are €35m that were put in place between 2020 and 2021. And we will continue to roll out the Work programme for authors that I announced a few months ago, in line with the Racine report.

This budget also includes specific measures for the Domestic furniture, which will be endowed with €4.5 million and 10 additional jobs to start its transformation into a public establishment These means will allow Mobilier to accelerate its development and to spread the remarkable know-how of its agents around the world.

Finally, this budget aims to strengthen our economic sectors, at the service of cultural diversity and pluralism..

Faced with a large number of challenges, these sectors have entered a cycle of deep reforms :

  • the presswith the €483 million sector plan for 2020-2022, of which €140 million for France will be relaunched; the recent social assistance for freelance journalists that I announced this week, as well as the large order for the photojournalists are part of this scale plan;
  • the book support will continue, with the enhancement of the National Book Centre credits of €1.7 million, in a context in which the reading was erected by the President of the Republic in «great national cause»; but also in the extension of the measures in favor of bookshops and libraries provided for in the framework of France relaunch (€23m) ;
  • the music, with the creation so many times expected, so many times postponed, of the National Music Centre. NJC has resolutely demonstrated its strategic role during the crisis. While the crisis for this sector is not yet over, the Prime Minister has just decided, on my proposal, to extend the entertainment tax exemption for the second half of 2021 – so as not to penalize taxable businesses. This measure will be the subject of an amendment to the finance bill and the payment of this tax will therefore not resume until 1er january 2022.

This reform cycle also concerns audiovisual and film, the regulation and financing of which have been substantially modernised since 2017:

  • With the adoption – under the impetus, it must be remembered, of the French authorities! ambitious “audiovisual media services” and “copyright” directives, whose transposition cycle will soon end.
  • This new framework will be complemented by the future law, currently being promulgated, on the regulation and protection of access to works in the digital age. Once complete, it will consolidate our original model at European level, by better protecting copyright, by providing contribution of all broadcasters to French creation, including platforms and by organizing a more equitable sharing of value between platforms, producers and authors.

In this respect, I welcome the recent signature between the producers and the authors of the "standard clauses" ensuring the respect for copyright, and whose inclusion in production contracts will condition access to all CNC production aids. This agreement will very concretely protect the diversity and independence of creation. This is an important step and I now expect film producers and authors to quickly achieve the same result!

In total, thanks to this profound reform of the financing of creation, investments in cinema and audiovisual will strongly increase. From 2022, they could represent more than €250 million more!

As part of the budget of the Ministry of Culture, the Sustainable support for cultural industries will have increased by +9% (+€49 million) over five years. And of exceptional means have been put in place for their modernization and growth : whether it is the fund of €225 million dedicated to investing in creative businesses, thanks to the combined support of BPI and the Caisse des dépôts, or €400m mobilized on the 4th Future investment plan for all cultural and creative sectors.

This historic effort makes it possible to strengthen these sectors and prepare them for the challenges of the future, in a context profoundly transformed by digital technology.

Beyond that, this budget strongly reaffirms our support for media pluralism. I announced a few days ago at the Huma Dinner, in front of all the professionals gathered, a ambitious press transport reform, which I detailed with Bruno Le Maire earlier this week. Our fellow citizens' access to a pluralistic press throughout the territory and in good conditions constitutes a major democratic issue. In a context of attrition of newspaper volumes, a change of model of press transport had appeared necessary. The mission we entrusted to Emmanuel Giannesini enabled us to arrive at a consensus plan between all the actors based on two principles : on the one hand, reduction of the volume of postal transport of the «hot» press, by inducing turn to porting and on the other hand, the stabilization of postal rates for all securities. This long-awaited reform may enter into force on 1er January 2022, subject to the agreement of the European Commission to whom this reform must be notified. The draft budget for 2022 reflects this reform, notably with the repatriation of part of the appropriations dedicated to the compensation of the postal transport of the press on the appropriations of the Press programme of the Ministry of Culture.

Similarly, this draft budget will make it possible to increased funding for the Fund to support radio expression (+€1.1 million), and I am pleased that the The Ministry of Culture will open €2 million in 2022 for the upcoming creation of a Press House.

Finally, the financial trajectory of public broadcasting, foreseen in the contracts of objectives and means, will be respected, completing five years of intense transformations at the service of creation, diversity and pluralism.

In terms of its funding, the complete elimination of the Housing Tax, to which the contribution to the Public Service Broadcasting (CAP) is backed, is not planned until 2023, so the reform of the CAP will not take place in the 2022 finance bill. As a result, there will be no change in 2022 and the CAP’s performance, combined with the sector’s requested savings efforts, is helping to do not increase its price for individuals.

But the removal of the housing tax will raise the question of the future of the CAP. This question is also part of a long-standing debate on its adaptation, in particular to take account of changes in the modes of access to public audiovisual services other than television sets.

Various avenues for reform have been identified by the Government. They still need to be the subject of a thorough technical analysis by 2022. But this analytical work must be undertaken by recalling a few simple principles. The reform should enable the public audiovisual sector to have a sustainable and allocated funding, essential for multi-year visibility budget programming of the sector’s enterprises and the preservation of their independence, which is one of the essential guarantees of freedom of communication, as the Constitutional Council has repeatedly pointed out.

I emphasize again, the means dedicated by the State to Culture will reach 11.2 billion euros in 2022. It is at the high level of ambition that I carry, with the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister, so that access to the culture of all is a reality and the vitality of creation remains and radiates.

I wish to show that it is possible, for once, to make Jean de la Fontaine lie, one of whose fables is moral:

Should we only deliberate,

The court in counselors abounds;

Is there any need to execute,

You don’t meet anyone anymore.”

As you can see, ladies and gentlemen, this draft budget is entirely geared towards the execution strong, ambitious measures, enabling all cultural stakeholders to to keep the Culture alive!

For creators and artists to be protected and fairly paid.

To ensure that French producers, publishers, distributors and distributors have the ways to invest for the future.

So that they can offer all audiences a diverse and diverse vision of the world.

So that our heritage, expression of our memory and collective identity, be protected, enhanced and passed on to new generations.

Ladies and gentlemen, I had the honour to present the last budget of this five-year periodFor five years, the Government’s cultural policy pursued the same goals: putting Culture at the centre of the lives of our fellow citizens, enable it to gather and be a vector of collective and individual emancipation.

2022 Draft Budget gives us the means to implement these objectives forcefully.

Thank you.