The Minister of Culture, Rima Abdul Malak, announces the classification of the historical monuments of the Basilica of the Sacred Heart and Square Louise-Michel. This decision is taken in accordance with the favourable opinion issued on 8 December 2022 by the National Heritage and Architecture Commission. The ranking order will be signed by the Minister of Culture in the coming days.

This ranking is part of a campaign to protect the churches of Paris, launched in 2012 in partnership with the City of Paris, at the initiative of the Ministry of Culture. Following the ranking vow issued on October 13, 2020 by the Regional Committee on Heritage and Architecture, the City of Paris expressed its agreement to the classification of the basilica by a deliberation of the Paris Council during its meeting on October 11-13.

The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris and Square Louise-Michel are a significant architectural and urban witness in the complex history of the late 19th century.

Born from a vow following the defeat of 1870 and declared of public utility by the law of 24 July 1873, after the events of the Paris Commune, the construction of the basilica of the Sacré-Coeur of Montmartre, launched in 1877 after a competition organized three years earlier, was financed by a national subscription and continued until the mid-1920s. The basilica is the object of a contrasting historiography. But protecting a historic monument does not mean glorifying any aspect of its history.

This religious work, the most important of its time, was a major milestone in the development of the Romanesque Revival style combined with Byzantine references. It was entrusted to the architect Paul Abadie, who led a restoration operation on the Saint-Front cathedral of Périgueux, covered with cupolas, close to reconstruction, and whose inspiration he drew in particular for the construction of the Sacred Heart.

More than sixty artists contributed to the decoration of the Parisian basilica, a major achievement in terms of architecture and art in the 19th and 20th centuries. It notably testifies to the renewal of mosaic art.

The layout of the hill through the creation of the square Louise-Michel, conceived from the beginning by Paul Abadie but realized in the 1920s by Jean-Camille Formigé and Léopold Bévière, is inseparable from the history of the basilica. The garden, intimately linked to the building, shows its monumentality, amplified by the whiteness of the stone.

Finally, the Sacré-Coeur is an emblematic monument of the Parisian landscape, of international renown, the most visited of the capital after the Notre-Dame cathedral until the fire of April 2019. It has also given rise to countless artistic performances.

Until very recently, before it was inscribed by order of December 8, 2020, the Sacred Heart did not benefit from any protection under the title of historic monuments.

At its meeting on December 8, 2022, the National Commission for Heritage and Architecture unanimously voted in favour of the complete classification of the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, the facades and roofs of the two annexes and the south gallery, the north gallery-bridge, the sacristy and entrance hall located in the first annex, as well as the Louise-Michel square with all its amenities.