In 2009, four applications submitted by France were inscribed on the representative and safeguarding lists of intangible cultural heritage (ICP): LeMaloya, the Art du trait de Charpente and the know-how of the Aubusson Tapestry for the representative artist, the Cantu in paghjella of Corsica for the backup list.
As part of the Fête de la Musique, the Minister of Culture and
Communication wished to honor more particularly the Cantu in paghjella and the
Maloya, during a ceremony combining words and presentations
musical and sung.
The Maloya is both a form of music, a song and a dance specific to the island of
Reunion. Mixed from the beginning, it was created by slaves of Malagasy origin and
African in sugar plantations, before spreading to the entire population of the island.
Formerly a dialogue between a soloist and a choir accompanied by percussions, the Maloya
takes on more and more varied forms today. Sung and danced on stage by
professional or semi-professional artists, it is mixed with rock, reggae
or jazz. Formerly dedicated to the worship of ancestors in a ritual setting, the Maloya is
gradually became a song of laments and demands for slaves and,
for thirty years, a music representative of the Reunion identity. He
thanks to its vitality to some 300 groups and to a specialized musical education
conservatory of Reunion.
The paghjella is a tradition of Corsican songs performed by men. It combines
three vocal registers, makes wide use of the echo and sings a capella in various
languages including Corsica, Sardinia, Latin and Greek. Oral tradition at the same time
it is sung on various festive, social and
religious. Despite the efforts of practitioners to reactivate the directory, the paghjella has
gradually lost its vitality. If no action had been taken, it risked
survive only in the form of a tourism product that has no connection to the
community that gives it meaning.
Since 2003, the UNESCO Convention for the Safeguarding of the Cultural Heritage
the objective of the States which have ratified it is the protection of rites, practices,
expressions, representations and traditions held by their communities in
fields as diverse as traditional music, songs and dances, know-how
and technical, collective events, oral traditions.
The event was held on the eve of the opening of the third
General Assembly of States Parties to the Convention, which will bring together the 120
countries that have ratified the convention to date.