The conditions of teaching and the course of training in the national higher schools of architecture Report drawn up by Rémy Gicquel and Yann Perron, inspectors general for education, sport and research and François Hurard and Benoit Paumier, cultural affairs inspectors general. IGAC#2021-27

Rima Abdul Malak, Minister of Culture, in agreement with Sylvie Retailleau, Minister of Higher Education and Research, has decided to make public the report submitted to him by the General Inspection of Cultural Affairs (IGAC) and the General Inspectorate of Education, Sport and Research (IGESR) on "The Conditions of Teaching and the Conduct of Training in National Architecture Colleges".

In this report, the two general inspections analysed the changes in the organization of architecture education, in particular the impact of the reform of architecture studies in 2005 on the progress of the first and second cycles. They consider that the adjustment of study periods to European university standards (5 years) exerts strong pressure on the organisation of curricula and the volume of project work required of students. Analysis of the factors constituting the historical phenomenon of the “wagon” also reveals that several structural elements contribute to the work overload felt by students.

The mission also highlighted the diversification of courses and teachings offered by schools, enabled by the strengthening of their autonomy. It explored the conditions for a match between the training provided in ENSA and the expectations of professional and institutional circles with regard to the expected profiles of architects in today’s world and, more generally, professions that use skills in architecture.  
Finally, it carried out a prospective analysis of the training needs in architecture over a period of fifteen years, integrating the dimension of the mapping of schools in the territory and their current reception capacities.

The recommendations of the report already give rise to a dialogue between the Directorate-General for Heritage and Architecture and the 20 National Institutes of Architecture (ENSA) for their implementation, with a view to giving new impetus to the teaching of architecture in France.

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The conditions of teaching and the conduct of training in the national architecture colleges

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