For a long time Germany headed the list of major producers of Christmas ornaments. From 1875 to the beginning of the Second World War, Germany provided a goodly share of the decorations for Canadian Christmas trees. Other producers included Austria, the United States, Japan, Italy, Czechoslovakia and Canada.
The first glass ornaments were kugels, a kind of glass ball intended to protect houses against evil spirits. These were produced at Lauscha in Germany around 1830. The shape of kugels and other Christmas balls remind us of the red apples which decorate the tree of Paradise.