Dispersion of the culture
and principle sites.
Geographic Setting : This culture covers a large
territory which comprises the former Yugoslavia (Serbia, Kosovo, the northeast
of Bosnia, Voïvodine, and a part of Montenegro and Croatia) the southeast
of Hungry, the northwest of Bulgaria and Romania where its presence is
confirmed in Banat, Transylvania and the southwest of Oltenia.
Habitation : The known settlements are found in diverse locations
and consist of rectangular homes built at ground level of wood, clay and
straw. Some homes were found to have protective moats.
Material Means : The ceramic, gray or black,
is polished and carved with decorative incisions or in rare cases, painted.
The ceramic is characteristically a keel
style vase and a vase with a base. Anthropomorphic figures in sculpture
are plentiful, with decorative engraving or painted red. Lithic tools
are prolific and accompanied by a great variety of tools made of bone
and horn. The development of copper metallurgy is evident during the latter
part of the Vinca culture's evolution.
Economics : Its practice of agricultural and the breeding of animals,
complimented by hunting, fishing and gathering, define the culture.
Funeral Rites : The practice of burial is in evidence.