The Vinca Culture
(Recent Neolithic)

Linear Ceramic Culture
Starcevo-Cris Culture
Precucuteni Culture
Cucuteni Culture
Vadastra Culture
Vinca Culture
Dudesti Culture
Salcuta Culture

Dispersion of the culture and principle sites.
Dispersion of the culture
and principle sites.

Geographic Setting : This culture covers a large territory which comprises the former Yugoslavia (Serbia, Kosovo, the northeast of Bosnia, Voïvodine, and a part of Montenegro and Croatia) the southeast of Hungry, the northwest of Bulgaria and Romania where its presence is confirmed in Banat, Transylvania and the southwest of Oltenia.
Habitation : The known settlements are found in diverse locations and consist of rectangular homes built at ground level of wood, clay and straw. Some homes were found to have protective moats.
Material Means :
The ceramic, gray or black, is polished and carved with decorative incisions or in rare cases, painted. The ceramic is characteristically a keel style vase and a vase with a base. Anthropomorphic figures in sculpture are plentiful, with decorative engraving or painted red. Lithic tools are prolific and accompanied by a great variety of tools made of bone and horn. The development of copper metallurgy is evident during the latter part of the Vinca culture's evolution.
Economics : Its practice of agricultural and the breeding of animals, complimented by hunting, fishing and gathering, define the culture.
Funeral Rites : The practice of burial is in evidence.

MNIR n° 12100 Anthropomorphic statuette with grooved decoration.