|The Precucuteni Culture
(Recent Neolithic and Eneolithic)
Setting : The Precucuteni Culture has been confirmed in Romania in the
southeast of Transylvania and Moldavia, in the Moldavian Republic (Bessarabia)
and in the Ukraine (where it is referred to by the name Triploje A).
Habitation : The known settlements were established in various environments, and consisted of rectangular houses built at ground level, sometimes protected by defensives trenches.
Material Means : Dark-colored ceramic, gray, black or more often brick-red, is richly decorated more with extrusions than with incisions, incrusted with geometrical motifs in a white clay. Various lithic tools in bone or horn. By the end of this culture's evolution anthropomorphic figures take on a characteristic appearance, notably with painted decoration, and during the same time animal figures become increasingly rare.
Economics : The economy rests essentially agricultural while the breeding of animals and hunting vary, depending on the environmental conditions in which the community lived. Fishing and gathering are also in evidence. There is evidence that the emergence of copper metallurgy appeared during the latter phase of the culture.
Funeral Rites : To date there are no known cemeteries.