The Starcevo-Cris Culture
(Ancient Neolithic)

Geographic Setting : It covers the central region of the Balkans and the south of the Pannonie (the northeast of former Yugoslavia, the southeast of Hungry and almost the whole of Romania) and consists of one unique culture even as some experts make a distinction between the Starcevo and the Cris (Koros) cultures.
Habitation : The settlements do not seem to have favored any particular location even if they were usually established near water supplies. The rectangular homes were built on the ground or partially buried, often accompanied by some form of fire pit.
Material Means : The ceramic is characterized by the presence of organic components (wheat straw and buckwheat) while spherical or semi-spherical forms dominate. The fine ceramic is painted white over a red base, light color on a darker background, or even polychrome, generally consisting of geometric designs (zigzags, checkerboard or garland).
Sculpture is not common, some feminine representations are found.
There were microlithics during the first phase of lithic tools use, as well as polished stone tools. The tools in bone or horn are varied; one tool characteristic of the period seems to be the spatula.
Economics : The economics of the culture is scarcely understood, however, a culture of farming and grain production is in evidence. Animal husbandry seems to occupy a more or less important role from one region to another, undoubtedly dependent upon local conditions. Hunting seems to play a lesser role than the breeding of animals.
Funeral Rites : The practice of burial in tombs within the settlement was also accompanied by occasional burials beneath homes. Also it is important to note the presence of funerary artifacts, generally made up of ceramic fragments, which were placed on the corpse itself.