The cargo of this ship, second shipwreck discovered in Port-Vendres (Pyrénées-Orientales), gives a particularly comprehensive image of the Spanish exportations in the middle of the first century of our era.
Composed of wine, oil, salted fish, copper, lead and tin bars from Extremadura, it also illustrates the importance of the Guadalquivir to export the production of this region of the Iberian peninsula.

Salting amphora

The tin bars turned out to be particularly interesting. The interpretation of one of the inscriptions present on their flat side, allows to situate the time of their production between 41/42 and 48 AD. Moreover, they represent the well dated first proof of the exploitation and trade of Spanish tin by Rome.

The material discovered during this excavation also allows the apprehension of life and work on board. Indeed, ceramics, pieces of metallic crockery, toilet implements, tools are as many evidences allowing to determine as exactly as possible what the sailors’ life was like in the antiquity.


Oil lamp

With the collections of many ships brought to light, the maritime world as a whole will be developed in the museum, at present in progress in Port-Vendres.

Fouille : Dalli Colls

Photos : Dalli Colls / Alexandre Mayans