THE CALANQUE DE L'ÂNE

This Roman vessel, still undergoing excavation work, is situated on the Eastern bank of the Frioul archipelago, in the Marseilles basin, at a depth of 18 meters. It transported a cargo of flat (tegulae) and round tiles (imbrices) in the late first century AD.
The ship is in good condition, with the bottom of its hull largely preserved. It is of a particularly robust construction, with virtually all the framework made of oak, and with a very tight grating.

Frame and carlingots in the fore section of the boat
The step of its mast rests on two carlingots, longitudinal beams placed on either side of the vessel's axis. It is braced on either side of the step cavity with two pieces of triangular buttressing. These features are unprecedented by any other ancient shipwreck. The boat was constructed of oak and pine, and was probably 25 meters long.
Storage bin for the ship's tableware
Beside its cargo of tiles, the ship also carried dishes for the sailors' daily use: plates, jugs, bowls, some amphoras for food and drink, and glass containers.

The archeological material also included pieces of ships' equipment, such as pulleys, leads, chainlinks, lead fishing weights, ... Two coins served to complete the dating process that began with the study of pottery and glassware.

Excavation: S. Ximénès, GRASM et M. Moerman, FFESSM

Photos : Serge Ximénès